Solutions and Asylum Procedures

After the COVID-19 pandemic stopped many asylum procedures throughout Europe, new technologies are now reviving these systems. Coming from lie detection tools analyzed at the line to a program for validating documents and transcribes selection interviews, a wide range of technology is being utilised in asylum applications. This article explores how these technology have reshaped the ways asylum procedures happen to be conducted. It reveals just how asylum seekers are transformed into compelled hindered techno-users: They are asked to comply with a series of techno-bureaucratic steps also to keep up with unpredictable tiny changes in criteria and deadlines. This obstructs the capacity to browse these devices and to go after their legal right for proper protection.

It also shows how these technologies will be embedded in refugee governance: They help the ‘circuits of financial-humanitarianism’ that function through a flutter of spread technological requirements. These requirements increase asylum seekers’ socio-legal precarity by hindering them from being able to access the stations of protection. It further argues that examines of securitization and victimization should be along with an insight into the disciplinary mechanisms of technologies, by which migrants are turned into data-generating subjects who all are self-disciplined by their dependence on technology.

Drawing on Foucault’s notion of power/knowledge and comarcal knowledge, the article argues that these technology have an inherent obstructiveness. They have a double effect: although they help to expedite the asylum method, they also help to make it difficult with respect to refugees to navigate these systems. They are simply positioned in a ‘knowledge deficit’ that makes all of them vulnerable to illegitimate decisions manufactured by non-governmental stars, and ill-informed and unreliable narratives about their cases. Moreover, they pose new risks of’machine mistakes’ that may result in incorrect or discriminatory outcomes.